Policy brief: Changes in new land acquisition act

What the amendments mean, why they were needed right now

GN Bureau | December 30, 2014



An ordinance to amend the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, popularly known as the land acquisition bill, was cleared by the Union cabinet on Monday night.

The original Act that came into effect from January 2014 and states were facing difficulties in its implementation. The amendments will protect the interests of the affected people and also ease procedural difficulties in the acquisition of lands required for important national projects.

Project-affected people compensation element:
The existing Act’s Section 105 keeps 13 most frequently used Acts for land acquisition for the Central Government Projects out of the purview. These are national highways, metro rail, atomic energy, electricity related projects and etc. Due to this exception a large number of project-affected people were being denied the compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement (R&R) measures prescribed under the Act.

Read more: Short-cut democracy

The amendments bring all those exempted 13 Acts under the purview of this land Act for the purpose of compensation as well as R&R and thus benefiting the affected families.

Faster processing without affecting compensation or R&R is another important change in the amendments cleared by the cabinet:
The amendments facilitate a fast track process for land acquisition for categories. For this the government seeks to amend Section 10(A) of the Act to expand the list of projects that would not require Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and prior consent of affected families. These include projects for defence and defence production, rural infrastructure including rural electrification, affordable housing and housing for the poor, industrial corridors as well as infrastructure and social infrastructure projects including public private partnership projects wherein the ownership continues to vest with the government.

Why the urgency of ordinance
The government had to amend the Act before the end of the year since Section 105 of the Act, which provides for excluding 13 central legislations, would otherwise have to be notified by December 31. The 13 legislation included Land Acquisition (Mines) Act 1885, Atomic Energy Act, 1962, Railway Act 1989, National Highways Act 1956 and Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act, 1978.

Comments

 

Other News

Prime Minister launches Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission.  The Prime Minister said that PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission aims to tackle this deficiency. The aim is to strengthen the critical healthcare network from village to b

Piyush Goyal reviews Open Network for Digital Commerce

 The Union Minister of Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs & Food & Public Distribution and Textiles, Piyush Goyal reviewed the progress on Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) initiative of DPIIT.  QCI has esta

CERT-In partners with the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures Programme

To move a step further in the direction to strengthen trust in “Make in India” as well as to nurture responsible vulnerability research in the country, CERT-In has partnered with the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) Programme. 

Many roles of civil society during pandemic

The union government enforced a nationwide lockdown on March 25, 2020 to curb the spread of coronavirus as it was causing large-scale infection and disease. Challenges of pandemic management and levels of distress were revealed during this time. The fear of Covid spread like wildfire and a

Thackeray launches three fast-track DNA units under Nirbhaya scheme

Maharashtra chief minister Uddhav Thackeray has launched three state-of-the-art human DNA units under the Nirbhaya Scheme for efficiency in criminal investigations. A wildlife DNA unit in Nagpur makes Maharashtra the country’s first state to have a forensic testing lab for animals.  

How foreign policy has been Modi’s focus right from the start

The Midway Battle: Modi’s Roller-coaster Second Term By Gautam Chintamani Bloomsbury / 400 pages / Rs 699 Gautam Chintamani, a film historian and author, has penned an in-depth chronicle of prime minister Narendra Modi’s second

Visionary Talk with Dr Arvind Panagariya, Professor, Columbia University & Former VC, NITI Aayog



Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter