Decline in tobacco consumption in Maharashtra: Survey

An estimated 24 million people in Maharashtra still addicted to tobacco

geetanjali

Geetanjali Minhas | December 9, 2017 | Mumbai


#smokeless   #TISS   #WHO   #survey   #Maharashtra   #khaini   #gutkha   #cancer   #Tobacco   #second hand smoke  


 Tobacco use among adults has come down in Maharashtra, showed the findings of the latest Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS2) .

As compared to earlier report of GATS1 (2009-2010), the number of adult tobacco users have reduced from 31.4%  to 26.6% in 2016-2017, a reduction of 4.8 percentage points in the last seven years.
 
The survey was conducted under the health ministry along with World Health Organisation, Centre for Disease Control  and Prevention and Tata Institute of Social  Sciences. One member aged 15 and above  from the sampled households were randomly interviewed. In Maharashtra 1,517 males and 1,624 females were interviewed between November – December 2016.  
 
The survey showed that smoking has decreased among adults from 6.6% to 3.8%. Six percent of men, 1.4 % of women and 3.8% of all adults currently smoke tobacco. As many as 23.6% adults consume tobacco on a daily basis. An estimated 24 million people consume tobacco in the state of Maharashtra.
 
Smokeless tobacco has decreased from 27.6% - 24.45 % in the corresponding period and 31.7 percent of  men, 16.6% of women and 24.4% of all  adults currently use smokeless tobacco.
 
Khaini and gutkha remain the most commonly used tobacco products in the state with 15.5% adults using Khaini and 8.6% adults consuming gutkha.
 
As compared to GATS1, in GATS 2 there  has been a decrease in  smoking by 2.8 percentage points  and smokeless tobacco use by 3.2 percentage points.
 
Data also shows that increasingly young people in the age group of 15-17 have stared consuming tobacco. The mean age at initiation of tobacco use has decreased from 18.5 years in GATS1 to 17.4 years in GATS2. 
 
While smokeless tobacco has been banned in the state since 2012, it is still  available in small paan shops. 
 
“Children are being lured and addicted to tobacco. Four years ago, we wrote to the police to enforce COTPA (Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act) as they are empowered under law to do it. The police in Maharashtra is not proactive in enforcing COTPA and feel it is a social and moral policy,”  said Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, oncologist,Tata Memorial Hospital.   
 
The report goes on to show an increase in monthly expenditure for daily tobacco consumption. The average a monthly expenditure on cigarette for daily cigarette smoker has increased from Rs 778.2 in GATS1 to Rs 1,028.3 in GATS2. In the case of daily bidi smoker, the average monthly expenditure has gone up from Rs 170.2 in GATS1 to Rs 255.3 in GATS2.
 
As regards second hand smoke (SHS), every fifth adult who worked indoors was exposed to SHS at workplace and every fifth adult was exposed to second hand smoke at any public place.
 
In GATS2 exposure of adults to SHS at any public space has decreased from 30.2% 20.5% and exposure from SHS at home also went down from 36.6% to 19.9% in 2016. Exposure to SHS at workplace decreased from 23.8% of adults being exposed to SHS in 2009-10 to 20.1% in 2016-17.   
 
Maharashtra health minister Deepak Sawant said, “Those working in IT industry and private banking sector are more prone to smoking. We must do a survey to find out reasons. While we have banned khaini  and gutkha, we are not punishing offenders. The law needs to be implemented stringently. While we have come out with the bill, we are lacking in its implementation.”
 
The minister also added that consumption of oral tobacco is more in rural areas, specially in Gadhchiroli  district where there are a large number of oral cancer cases. “Anti- tobacco advertisements need to hammer the message with a killer instinct against the ill-effects of cigarette and smokeless tobacco  so that those in the last mile are dissuaded from use of tobacco,” said Sawant.     
 

Comments

 

Other News

“World headed towards stagflation; India must take care of the poor”

As the post-pandemic fallout and geopolitical uncertainty slows down global economies and sanctions against some nations, energy crisis and inflation are adding to the troubles, India is projected to be decoupled from world economy and fare better. To check if this belief really holds water, in the latest

The changing nature of CSR in India

With the advent of globalization came a new set of challenges for corporations, notably the duty of ensuring the well-being of all stakeholders while also protecting the planet`s natural environment. Although we are dedicated to a faster and more inclusive rate of growth, it is equally imperative that we f

BMC commissioner Chahal conferred with hon. doctorate

BMC commissioner and administrator Iqbal Singh Chahal has been conferred with a Honorary Doctor of Science Degree (honoris causa) by Guru Nanak Dev University in Amritsar, Punjab. Chahal was conferred the degree during the 48th convocation of the University in Amritsar at the hands of Punjab

Sebi to have two-track approach on ESG

Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) aims to use a two-track approach on environmental social and corporate governance (ESG). Addressing a conference on ‘ESG for Atmanirbhar Bharat` in Mumbai, Sebi chairperson Madhabi Puri Buch said that that there should not be a single carbo

Accuracy more important than speed in news: Anurag Thakur

Presenting authentic information is the prime responsibility of media and that facts should be properly checked before they are put in the public domain, union minister of information and broadcasting Anurag Thakur has said. “While speed with which the information is transmitted is imp

FM concludes pre-budget consultations

Union minister for finance and corporate affairs Nirmala Sitharaman has concluded the pre-budget consultation meetings for Budget 2023-24 that were held from November 21 to 28 in the virtual mode. More than 110 invitees representing seven stakeholder groups participated in eight meetings sch

Visionary Talk: Amitabh Gupta, Pune Police Commissioner with Kailashnath Adhikari, MD, Governance Now


Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter