Parliament passes Citizenship amendment bill

Landmark day for nation’s ethos of compassion and brotherhood: PM

GN Bureau | December 11, 2019


#Pakistan   #home ministry   #parliament   #Amit Shah   #Narendra Modi   #Citizenship Amendment bill   #Bangladesh   #Afghanistan  


The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 has been cleared by parliament, as the Upper House on Wednesday passed the legislation that seeks to grant Indian citizenship to non-Muslims from three neighbouring countries.

“A landmark day for India and our nation’s ethos of compassion and brotherhood!” tweeted prime minister Narendra Modi. “Glad that the #CAB2019 has been passed in the #RajyaSabha. Gratitude to all the MPs who voted in favour of the Bill. This Bill will alleviate the suffering of many who faced persecution for years.”

After the Lok Sabha passed it on December 9 (read the report here), home minister Amit Shah introduced the bill in Rajya Sabha, said it will give a new ray of hope to persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have migrated to India after facing persecution on the ground of religion in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

He reiterated that the bill is not against any minority in India and the rights of each Indian citizen will be equally protected. He said that the Modi government is committed to protect rights of each citizen of the country. The only religion that the government follows is the Constitution of India. He added, “We are not here only to run the government but to solve the genuine problems of the common man.”

Replying to the day-long debate, Shah said that the bill is aimed at giving a dignified life to these people who had suffered religious persecution for decades by granting Indian Citizenship to them, if they fulfil conditions for grant of citizenship. The home minister said that grant of citizenship will be from the date and year of the entry into India and all the cases and legal proceedings against them would be closed, besides protecting their business and trade interests on an equal footing. Shri Shah said even if the passports and visas of these minorities had expired, they would not be treated as illegal.

Shri Shah said that while nowhere does this bill target India’s minority community, no illegal immigrants would be allowed to stay in the country at any cost. He also underlined that population of minorities in the Islamic states of Pakistan and Bangladesh had reduced considerably over the years, as they were either killed or forced to change their religion, and thus were forced to flee to India. He said that partition of India on religious lines and subsequent failure of the Nehru-Liaqat pact of 1950 in protecting the rights and dignity of the minorities in Pakistan and Bangladesh are the reasons for bringing this bill. He added, “Had this bill come 50 years ago, this situation would not have arisen. The biggest mistake in history was partition of India on religious lines. The CAB was in our manifesto and the people gave us a resounding mandate in 2019, thus it is the solemn resolve of this Government to fulfil its commitment.”

Responding to the questions why only three countries were considered and why Muslims were not included in this bill, Shah said that at different points of time in the past, citizenship had been given to refugees coming from countries like Uganda and Sri Lanka. Then, refugees coming from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan were not considered. He stated that the process of awarding citizenship to refugees has been undertaken by different governments in the past on case-to-case basis from time to time, on reasonable qualifications to Article 14. This time the case of refugees fleeing religious persecution from these three countries has been considered through this bill, which is not unconstitutional. He also informed the house that more than 560 Muslims from these three countries have been granted citizenship in the last five years. Further, he added that the previous UPA government granted citizenship to 13,000 Hindus and Sikhs only but the Modi government is giving citizenship rights to six persecuted minorities, including Hindus and Sikhs.

Shah said there is no political agenda behind this bill, as the government is only concentrating on ending the sufferings of lakhs of persecuted refugees fleeing these three countries. The government had brought this bill in 2015 also but could not get it passed. Hence, it is clear the bill has never been brought by the government with any intention of gaining political mileage in an upcoming election. Neither is the definition of secularism narrow, the Modi government sees this issue holistically. All the minority communities being persecuted on religious lines in these countries have been included. Muslims are not included as they do not face religious persecution in these Islamic countries. Shri Shah reiterated that Indian citizens of Muslim community do not need to fear anything, as this bill would not affect their citizenship in any way. He requested the opposition not to do politics on this issue and divide people on communal lines. “This bill aims at granting rather than taking away someone’s citizenship,” he stressed.

Allaying the apprehensions of the people of the Northeast, the minister said that the linguistic, cultural and social identity of the people of the region would be preserved and this bill contains the solution to the problems of the people of these states, as amendments have been incorporated after marathon deliberations with various stakeholders from the Northeast for last one month. He also assured the people of Sikkim that the bill would not affect their rights in any way. The issue should be seen as a humanitarian one, beyond political ideologies, he added.

Shah said that the provisions of the amendments to the Act would not apply to tribal area of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram or Tripura as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution and the area covered under ‘The Inner Line’ notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. He said that Manipur has been brought under the Inner Line Permit (ILP) regime through a Gazette Notification today. The bill also seeks to amend the Third Schedule to the Act to make applicants belonging to the said communities from the aforesaid countries eligible for citizenship by naturalisation if they can establish their residency in India for five years instead of the existing eleven years.

Assuring the people of Assam that their linguistic, cultural and social identity would be preserved, the minister lamented that a committee under Clause 6 of the Assam Accord (1985) was not constituted for over three decades till the NDA came to power in 2014. Reiterating the government’s commitment to protect and preserve the rights of the indigenous people, Shah urged the committee to submit its report at the earliest to the central government for effective steps to be taken to fulfil provisions of the Accord.

The home minister said that this bill contains provisions to grant citizenship on reasonable grounds to refugees facing religious persecution in the above three countries, which in no way go against any provision under the Constitution of India and does not violate Article 14. He also reassured that no provision of Article 371 would be violated by this bill.

Talking about another amendment to the Act, Shah said the bill seeks to amend section 7D so as to empower the central government to cancel registration as Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder, after providing a reasonable opportunity of being heard, in case of violation of any provisions of the Citizenship Act or any other law for the time being in force.

The home minister replied to all the arguments of members that the bill is arbitrary, as he expressed confidence that the bill, if challenged in the court of law, would stand the scrutiny and also the test of times to come.
 

Comments

 

Other News

"TV not in business of news; it is in the business of polarisation”

Television news these days has a loose relationship with truth, says senior journalist, columnist and author Vir Sanghvi, adding that it is not telling the truth and polarising opinions. In a live webcast with Kailashnath Adhikari, MD, Governance Now, during the Visionary Talk series held by

How the colonial rulers combated “this insidious and growing danger” of dust and smoke

Dust and Smoke: Air Pollution and Colonial Urbanism: India, c. 1860-1940 By Awadhendra Sharan Orient BlackSwan, xxiv+320 pages, Rs 795 Air pollu

Unlocking the value of renewable energy assets through InVITs in India

India has been witnessing a sluggish demand growth for power amidst COVID-19. It has affected both thermal as well as renewable energy (RE) sector. While thermal sector (coal) plant load factor (PLF) is coming down continuously amidst no new generation building up, renewable energy held its ground through

“Proposed power amendments anti- people, favor licensees”

Maharashtra Veej Grahak Sanghatana, a state-level coordination committee of industrial associations and power consumers, has approached the state government for urgent intervention on key concerns after Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission on December 9 published the draft of the MERC (Electricity

Uddhav inaugurates largest tunnel boring machine for Mumbai Coastal Road

Maharashtra chief minister Uddhav Thackeray has launched the largest tunnel boring machine (TBM) for the Mumbai Coastal Road project at Priyadarshini Park, in Malabar Hill area of South Mumbai. Called Mavala, the TBM having the largest diameter and the first of its size to be used in the cou

Beyond open defecation: Tackling solid waste management issues

Antony Waste Handling Cell (AWHC) has been offering its services in handling municipal solid waste (MSW) across India for the past 19 years. When AWHC made its initial public offer (IPO) during December 21-23, it was subscribed 15 times. Why the sudden interest in this IPO? Did the market rightly and exped

Visionary Talk with Vir Sanghvi On the future of News Journalism





Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter