Bihar shows some of the worst trends in sanitation
GN Bureau | October 5, 2016
On October 2, 2014, government launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan with much fanfare. Two years after the status of PM Narendra Modi’s flagship programme is yet to yield applauding results, especially in rural areas and bottom five states surveyed in 2014 even as the government feel that performance is on track to meet the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin targets well before October 2, 2019.
The rural household toilet coverage has increased from 42% in 2014 to 55.34% in 2016.
According to government data, as many as 2,42,57,960 household toilets have been built in two years’ time. As many as 97,478 villages have been declared open defecation free(38,439 verified) apart from 1,549 ODF villages along Ganga. Among the ODF villages is naxal bastion Malkapur as well.
Here’s a report card:
Number of households with toilets: 9,27,51,791
Top five states in terms of household toilets
Sikkim : 100%
HP : 98.15%
Kerala : 96.40%
Uttarakhand : 88.07 %
Haryana : 87.50%
Bottom five states in terms of household toilets in 2016:
D & N Haveli : 0%
Bihar : 25.23%
J&K : 33.49%
Odisha : 34.14%
Jharkhand : 41.39%
Bottom five states in terms of household toilets in 2014 were:
Odisha : 13.34%
Bihar : 22.94%
J&K : 29.35%
Jharkhand : 31.41%
Telangana : 32.78%
In two years, little progress is seen in the bottom five states and only Telangana could be promoted from the list.
Check complete list on household toilets
Among the districts, Narmada, Panipat, Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Lahaul & Spiti are on the top with 100% toilets (based on household toilets + ODF coverage). However, four Bihar districts (Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Supaul, Nawada) and one Jammu and Kashmir district (Reasi) fall in the bottom five list with less than 10 percent toilets.
Check complete district ranking here
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