Important guidelines are available on drought management and preparedness which the state governments may find useful in handling drought-hit areas
GN Bureau | April 19, 2016
A number of districts in the country, especially in Maharashtra, have been reeling under drought for several months. Though water is a state subject, there have been a number of guidelines released by the central government on tackling drought. How many of these are actually adhered to and implemented is debatable but here is a short history about these guidelines:
1. The ministry of agriculture in November 2009 released ‘Manual for Drought Management’, which was developed by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) through a consultative process involving concerned central ministries, state governments, scientific, technical and research organisations and grass root level organisations working for mitigation and management of drought.
The manual suggested a different approach to drought management, based on the following features:
• Abandon the use of famine codes and varied state management plans
• Focus on mitigation measures
• Adopt newer technologies
• Adapt to the new legal framework
• Include employment and area development programmes in drought mitigation
• Prescribe standardised steps for management at the national/central level
Here’s the full report
2. Later in September 2010, the National Disaster Management Authority too came out with a set of guidelines for managing drought. The guidelines were formulated after a 'nine-step' process-taking through a process of wide-consultation with various central ministries and departments, states and union territories, and other stakeholders, including scientific and technical institutions, non-governmental organisations and community-based organisations.
The guidelines consisted of eight chapters giving directions to concerned authorities for preparing detailed action plans to handle drought:
• Status and context
• Institutional framework and financial arrangements
• Assessment and early warning
• Prevention, preparedness & mitigation
• Capacity development
• Relief and response
• Implementation of guidelines-preparation of drought management plans
• Summary of action points
Here’s the full report
Perhaps, drought-hit states like Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, and others, can learn a few things from these guidelines.
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