Optimise e-mobility use for everyday life with greater thrust on use of public transport, e-vehicles, metro solutions and shared rides
GN Bureau | November 21, 2017
Overcoming key barriers to vehicle electrification in India’s passenger mobility sector presents an enormous challenge for India—and also a tremendous economic opportunity, said a study.
India can leapfrog the western mobility paradigm of private-vehicle ownership and create a shared, electric and connected mobility system, saving 876 million metric tons of oil equivalent, worth $330 billion (Rs 20 lakh crore) and 1 giga-tonne of carbon-dioxide emissions by 2030.
A FICCI – Rocky Mountain Institute report titled ‘Enabling India’s Transition to Electric Mobility’ was released by union minister Nitin Gadkari at a conference on smart mobility, arranged by FICCI in New Delhi.
Using a collaborative approach, coordinated action and the strategies and solutions in this report, India can overcome key barriers to EV adoption and potentially become a global leader in electric mobility.
Estimates indicate that India’s urban population will nearly double in the next decade, to approximately 600 million in 2030 and forecasts suggest that by then India’s urban population will take almost 500 million trips per day. While this rapid growth presents major policy and business challenges for India’s public and private sectors, respectively. It also presents an enormous economic opportunity. Optimising e-mobility use for everyday life with greater thrust on use of public transport, e-vehicles, metro solutions and shared rides as means for mass transit could also prove game-changers in addressing the issue of air pollution in urban areas.
If India is successful in reaching its EV target, the market could be enormous. Even under a shared mobility paradigm, over 46,000,000 vehicles (two-, three-, and four wheelers) could be sold in 2030. This annual market size would present an opportunity for Indian companies to become leaders in EV technology on a global scale, said a press release.
By 2027, 4-wheel EV sales may exceed 4-wheel internal combustion engine (ICE) sales. After this intersection point, 4-wheel EV sales will grow rapidly, with nearly 16 million 4-wheel EV sales in 2030. While achieving 100% EV sales by 2030 is challenging, doing so would create a major business opportunity for automakers. Realizing this goal would have a significant impact on India’s vehicle stock, with a nearly equal split between ICEs and EVs by 2030 in the 4-wheel segment.
One by one, the main barriers to EV adoption — price, selection, range, charging, and consumer awareness — are falling due to steeply falling technology costs, business model innovation, and increasing connectivity. India can accelerate its EV adoption by addressing these key challenges through a whole-systems approach.
“The FICCI-RMI report on ‘Enabling the Transition to Electric Mobility in India’ highlights the way forward to accelerate electric mobility in India while addressing the key areas of shared mobility services, interoperable transport data, EV charging infrastructure and manufacturing,” said K Ramchand, chairman, FICCI national committee on infrastructure and managing director, IL&FS Transportation Networks Ltd.
Amory Lovins, co-founder and chief scientist, Rocky Mountain Institute said, “Recently, global solar PV and battery prices have dropped 80% in five years. Signs indicate that the pace of India’s energy transformation could be astonishing: the nation singlehandedly reduced the cost of LEDs by 80% in one year, and the government of India has set its sights on an ambitious target of 100% electric vehicles by 2030.”
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