Indian economy expanding strongly: ADB

South Asia is expected to be the fastest growing sub-region, led by India, whose economy has shrugged off global headwinds and is on track to meet ADB’s March fiscal year 2016 projected growth target of 7.4 percent

GN Bureau | July 18, 2016


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(Illustration: Ashish Asthana)

Growth in Asia and the Pacific’s developing economies for 2016 and 2017 will remain solid as firm performances from South Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia help offset softness from the US economy, and near-term market shocks from the Brexit vote, says a new Asian Development Bank (ADB) report.

In a supplement to its Asian Development Outlook 2016 (ADO 2016) report, released last March, ADB now forecasts 2016 growth for the developing economies at 5.6 percent, below its previous projection of 5.7 percent. For 2017, growth is seen unchanged at 5.7 percent.

“Although the Brexit vote has affected developing Asia’s currency and stock markets, its impact on the real economy in the short term is expected to be small,” Shang-Jin Wei ADB’s chief economist was quoted as saying. “However, in light of the tepid growth prospects in the major industrial economies, policy makers should remain vigilant and be prepared to respond to external shocks to ensure growth in the region remains robust.”

Growth in 2016 and 2017, the report notes, is led by South Asia, and India in particular, which continues to expand strongly, while China is on track to meet earlier growth projections.

In East Asia, despite muted activity in Hong Kong, China and the Republic of Korea, growth forecasts are unchanged at 5.7 percent in 2016 and 5.6 percent in 2017, with the world’s second largest economy, China, on track to meet projected growth of 6.5 percent in 2016 and 6.3 percent in 2017. To support its targets, the Chinese government is expected to continue using fiscal and monetary stimulus measures.
South Asia, meanwhile is expected to be the fastest growing sub-region, led by India, whose economy has shrugged off global headwinds and is on track to meet ADB’s March fiscal year 2016 (year to March 2017) projected growth target of 7.4 percent, supported by brisk consumer spending and an uptick in the rural economy. In Pakistan, further improvements in energy supply, higher infrastructure investments, and an improved security environment will help push up growth in 2016 and 2017 the report said, while the Bangladesh economy will remain robust on the strength of its garments sector.

In Southeast Asia, growth projections for the sub region in 2016 and 2017 remain unchanged at 4.5 percent and 4.8 percent, with solid performances by most economies in the first half of 2016 driven by private consumption. The exception was Viet Nam where the economy came under pressure from a worsening drought that caused a contraction in the agriculture sector.

Continued soft commodity prices and the recession in the Russian Federation have further dampened the growth outlook for Central Asia, with the earlier 2016 forecast of 2.1 percent trimmed to 1.7 percent, and 2017 cut to 2.7 percent from 2.8 percent. The slump in revenues from hydrocarbon exports are affecting fiscal consolidation efforts in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, while lower remittances, particularly from the Russian Federation, continue to hurt domestic consumption in the sub region.
 
In the Pacific, growth for 2016 is expected to moderate to 3.9 percent in 2016 from 7.1 percent in 2015, with the Fijian economy reeling from Cyclone Winston. However there are some bright spots with stronger-than-expected tourism receipts aiding the Cook Islands and Samoa, while Vanuatu’s economy is being boosted by the roll-out of post-cyclone reconstruction work and other major infrastructure projects.

The report now projects inflation for developing Asia to come in at 2.8 percent for 2016 and 3.0 percent for 2017—a 0.3 percentage point rise for each year from the previous forecasts. The rise is due largely to a recovery in oil and food prices. Oil prices rebounded from early-year lows and food prices rose nearly 9 percent in June 2016 from the year earlier, marking the fifth consecutive month the index has risen in value.

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