Irom Sharmila struggles in Manipur, Tripura is lucky to see end of armed forces act

There has been steady decline in militancy and political parties favoured it

GN Bureau | May 28, 2015


#irom sharmila   #manik sarkar   #afspa left front   #armed forces act   #tripura   #manipur  

While Manipur's human rights activist Irom Sharmila is on an indefinite hunger strike for over 15 years demanding the withdrawal of Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in her home state, the infamous act has been withdrawn in Tripura.

AFSPA provides unlimited powers to security forces to shoot at sight, arrest anybody without a warrant, and carry out searches without consent . All this knowing that they wouldn't face any legal action for any action undertaken under the act.

After over 18 years, the state government on Wednesday decided to withdraw the Act."In view of the significant taming of terrorism in Tripura, the council of ministers decided to withdraw the AFSPA from the entire state," Chief Minister Manik Sarkar said. AFSPA was enforced in Tripura in 1997.

"The security forces recently exhaustively reviewed the law and order situation in the state.The decisions were taken in view of the decrease of militancy-related incidents in Tripura over the last few years. However, the security forces would be watchful over the situation," Sarkar said.

"When the Act was imposed there were only 42 police stations and two-third of the entire police station areas were under this act," Sarkar said on Wednesday.

However, in view of the improvement in the situation and fewer terrorist activities being reported, the Tripura government in June 2013 reduced operational areas of the AFSPA to 30 police station areas. Before that, out of 72 police stations in Tripura, AFSPA had been force in 40. The total number of police stations in Tripura is 74 now.

The central act was first enforced in Tripura on 16 February, 1997 when terrorism was at its peak in the state, which shares an 856-km border with Bangladesh.

Members of two separatist groups - National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) and All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF) - are still sheltered and accused of getting arms training in Bangladesh. These two groups have been demanding the secession of Tripura from India.

Local rights groups and political parties in Tripura had described the act as "draconian" and wanted it repealed.As per its provisions, was reviewed and extended after every six months.

The ruling Left Front, which has been in power in Tripura since 1993, has been contemplating the withdrawal of the law and had the support from opposition parties like the Congress and BJP, who were also in favour the move.

The report quoted unnamed sources in the Home Ministry as saying that talks on the issue of withdrawal of AFSPA from Tripura had been on for the last few months.

The last six-month extension to AFSPA was given in November 2014.Perhaps the most encouraging evidence of the decline of militancy and separatism in Tripura came when the state recorded over 84 percent voter turnout in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, one of the highest voter turnouts in the country.

On Wednesday, when the state government decided to withdraw the Act, an official with the home department said: "Though the four-and-half-decade-old terrorism has been tamed in Tripura, the state government is always cautious about the terror outfits and their activities."

Besides Tripura, AFSPA is also in force in Manipur (excluding the Imphal Municipal Council area), Assam and Nagaland and in the Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

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