Nalanda ruins are now world heritage site

UNESCO declared it as the most ancient university in the Indian sub-continent

GN Bureau | July 16, 2016


#UNESCO   #Nalanda   #Nalanda University   #World Heritage Sites  


The Nalanda University ruins have been declared as the world heritage site by the UNESCO on Friday during its ongoing 40th session held in Turkey.


The ancient university in Patliputra (Patna) comprises the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution from the third century BC to the 13th century CE. It includes stupas, shrines, viharas (residential and educational buildings) and important art works in stone and metal. “It is the most ancient university of the Indian subcontinent. Nalanda stands out as the most ancient university of the Indian Subcontinent,” UNESCO said.

Besides Nalanda, Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape (China) The Persian Qanat (Iran) and Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia) are among other inscribed sites.

Here’s a list of other world heritage sites in India:


    Agra Fort (1983)

    Ajanta Caves (1983)

    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)

    Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)

    Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)

    Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)

    Elephanta Caves (1987)

    Ellora Caves (1983)

    Fatehpur Sikri (1986)

    Great Living Chola Temples (1987)

    Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)

    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)

    Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)

    Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)

    Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993)

    Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)

    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002)

    Mountain Railways of India (1999)

    Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)

    Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014)

    Red Fort Complex (2007)

    Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)

    Sun Temple, Konârak (1984)

    Taj Mahal (1983)

    The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)

    Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (2014)

    Kaziranga National Park (1985)

    Keoladeo National Park (1985)

    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)

    Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988)

    Sundarbans National Park (1987)

    Western Ghats (2012)

 
To be included on the world heritage list, sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria. India has several cultural and natural sites on the tentative list.

Here are the sites which are under the tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites:

    Temples at Bishnupur, West Bengal (1998)

    Mattanchery Palace, Ernakulam, Kerala (1998)

    Group of Monuments at Mandu, Madhya Pradesh (1998)

    Ancient Buddhist Site, Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (1998)

    Sri Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab (2004)

    River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam (2004)

    Namdapha National Park (2006)

    Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch (2006)

    Kangchendzonga National Park (2006)

    Urban and Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh (2006)

    Excavated Remains at Nalanda (2009)

    Bhitarkanika Conservation Area (2009)

    Neora Valley National Park (2009)

    Desert National Park (2009)

    Silk Road Sites in India (2010)

    Santiniketan (2010)

    The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar (2010)

    Mughal Gardens in Kashmir (2010)

    Historic city of Ahmadabad (2011)

    The Victorian & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai (2012)

    Delhi - A Heritage City (2012)

    Monuments and Forts of the Deccan Sultanate (2014)

    Cellular Jail, Andaman Islands (2014)

    The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways (2014)

    Iconic Saree Weaving Clusters of India (2014)

    Dholavira: A Harappan City (2014)

    Apatani Cultural Landscape (2014)

    Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam (2014)

    Monuments of Srirangapatna Island Town (2014)

    Chilika Lake (2014)

    Padmanabhapuram Palace (2014)

    Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala (2014)

    Sites of Saytagrah, India’s non-violent freedom movement (2014)

    Thembang Fortified Village (2014)

    Narcondam Island (2014)

    Moidams – the Mound-Burial system of the Ahom Dynasty (2014)

    Ekamra Kshetra – The Temple City, Bhubaneswar (2014)

    The Neolithic Settlement of Burzahom (2014)

    Archaeological remains of a Harappa Port-Town, Lothal (2014)

    Mountain Railways of India (Extension) (2014)

    Chettinad, Village Clusters of the Tamil Merchants (2014)

    Bahá'í House of Worship at New Delhi (2014)

    Evolution of Temple Architecture – Aihole-Badami- Pattadakal (2015)

    Jaipur city, Rajasthan India (2015)

    Cold Desert Cultural Landscape of India (2015)

    Sites along the Uttarapath, Badshahi Sadak, Sadak-e-Azam, Grand Trunk Road (2015)
 

 

Comments

 

Other News

BJP does well in Gujarat, show exit polls

BJP is all set to retain Gujarat, indicated one exit poll. Another exit poll, however, showed a tough fight in at least one region. Aaj Tak exit poll showed that BJP will win 99 – 113 seats, getting a majority in the 182 member assembly. The Congress will get 68 – 82 seats, falli

GSL delivers fuel barge to Indian navy

Goa shipyard Limited (GSL) has delivered the second fuel barge to Indian Navy on December 2, 33 days ahead of contractual delivery schedule, and recently got inducted into the Navy. Navy was in the need of self-propelled 1000Ton fuel barges, with a view to fuel big ships like INS Vikramadity

HAL units can’t be allowed to be idle: Bhamre

 Minister of state for defence Subhash Bhamre has assured Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) that work load for its Nashik unit will continue to flow even after Su-MKI manufacturing and production activities conclude in the next few years.  “HAL has the world class facilities and giv

INS Kalvari dedicated to the nation by PM

 Naval submarine INS Kalvari was dedicated to the nation by prime minister Narendra Modi on Thursday in Mumbai. INS Kalvari is a diesel-electric attack submarine built by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd for the Indian Navy. As per the plan, five more such submarines would be inducted into

Gujarat decides

People queued up since early morning to cast their ballot to decide the political fate of 851 candidates in the second and final phase of the bitterly fought Gujarat assembly elections. The votes in all the 182 seats will be counted on December 18. Over 22 million people are eligible to cast

Delhi’s air pollution answer may lie in distant Iceland

Had the situation not been so desperate, then the AAP government’s proposal to sprinkle water from helicopters would have been considered hare-brained. But, a more practical solution to tackling air pollution may well be around the corner and it lies in the success of a pilot project in Iceland.



Video

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter