Spike in dengue, TB cases in Mumbai: Report

265 % rise in dengue cases in the last 5 years

geetanjali

Geetanjali Minhas | July 13, 2017 | Mumbai


#Praja Foundation   #budget   #health   #RTI   #municipal councillors   #Mumbai   #TB   #Dengue   #Hansa Research  
Praja Foundation
Praja Foundation

 Dengue cases in Mumbai have increased by a whopping 265% from 2013-2017, said a report which added that almost 18 people have died every day from tuberculosis (TB) in 2016-17.

According to Praja Foundations  White Paper on The State of Health of Mumbai, 2017,  cases of dengue in government hospitals/dispensaries have increased from 4,867 in 2012-13 to 17,771 in 2016-17. There has also been an increase in TB cases from 36,417 to 50,001 during the same period.
 
As per the Praja report 32,862 people have died due to TB in the last 5 years from April 2012 to March 2017.
 
However DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course), the flagship government programme to tackle TB, saw a dramatic drop in enrolment  from 30,828 patients in 2012 to 15,767 patients in 2016. At the same time the percentage of defaulters in DOTS centres has increased from 9% in 2012 to 19% in 2016, say the RTI figures.
 
The survey conducted by Hansa Research over 20,000 households found a huge discrepancy in BMC figures and survey data. 
While the RTI data shows 17,771 dengue cases  in government dispensaries/hospitals,  the survey  finds an  estimated  109,443  dengue cases which could have been treated across all facilities both government and private/charitable. Similarly, RTI data on malaria cases were 11,607 while the survey estimates for total cases are 90,703.
 
Srinivasan Raman, executive director of Hansa Research, said, “Such a huge discrepancy indicates that the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation has a long way to go when it comes to maintaining a proper health maintenance information system (HMIS). If various government authorities do not have access to accurate figures about the prevalence of various diseases, how can they evolve appropriate strategies to tackle them?”
 
Shivali Bagayatkar, project officer at Praja Foundation, said, “BMC needs to step out of denial mode and tackle the ongoing health crisis head on. The same goes for other governmental authorities who must step up to the challenge and ensure a healthier city.”
 Praja findings also reveal that 71% families in Mumbai did not have a medical insurance in 2017.
 
Also, municipal councillors asked only 45 questions during the past five years on TB. As many as 68 questions were asked on naming/renaming of hospitals/health centres/cemeteries during the same period.
 

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