Things to know about maternal and child health in India

Everything isn’t fine with the maternal and child health sector in the country.

GN Bureau | August 17, 2016

#Health sector   #maternal   #child   #ministry of health  

 Ministry of health and family welfare in its annual (2015-2016) report has revealed the following:

•        Infant mortality rate in India is 28/1000 live births which means approximately 7.3 lakh deaths, annually.
•        The major causes of infants deaths in our country are: Infections  (31%),  Prematurity  (35%),  Asphyxia  (20%),  Congenital  (9%)  and Diarrhoea (2%)
•        Malnutrition is the underlying cause of 33% of child deaths.
•        29.4 percent of under-five children are underweight, 38.7 percent are stunted and 15.1 percent are acutely malnourished. About 4.6% of children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition.
•        Only 44.6% are breastfed within one hour   of   birth.
•        Complimentary feeding starts only for 50.5% children on time.
 •        Pneumonia  and  diarrhoea  are  leading childhood  killers,  responsible  for  15 percent  and  12 percent of child (0-5 years) deaths, respectively.
•        Only 54.4% children with diarrhoea in preceding 2 weeks received ORS and 76.9 percent of children suffering from acute respiratory illness received the treatment.
•        Assam has the highest maternal mortality rate (300) followed by Uttar Pradesh/Uttarakhand (285) and Rajasthan (244). 
•        Additional  efforts  are required  for lowering the MMR in the above mentioned states along with  Odisha   (222),   Madhya   Pradesh/   Chhattisgarh   (221)   and   Bihar/Jharkhand  (208),  which  have  quite  high  MMR  as  compared  to  the  national  level.
•        Institutional deliveries have risen sharply from 47 percent in 2007-08 to over 78.7 percent in 2013-14.



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