Female unemployment rate was estimated to be 8.7 percent, whereas for males it was 4.0 percent
GN Bureau | September 29, 2016
The latest labour bureau survey data is bound to leave policy makers worried as the unemployment rate is estimated at 5 percent.
The 5 percent figure is at the all India level under the Usual Principal Status (UPS) approach or in other words 5 percent of the persons aged 15 years and above who were available for work could not get work during the reference period, said the Fifth Annual Employment – Unemployment Survey (2015-16) of the labour bureau, ministry of labour and employment.
In rural sector, unemployment rate was 5.1 percent whereas in urban sector, the unemployment rate was 4.9 percent under the UPS approach.
In a worrying development, the report said that the unemployment rate was significantly higher among females as compared to males. “At the all India level, the female unemployment rate was estimated to be 8.7 percent, whereas for males it was 4 percent (under the UPS approach).”
In urban areas, the female unemployment rate was estimated to be 12.1 percent at the all India level under the UPS approach as compared to 3.3 percent for males and 10.3 percent for transgenders.
Also read: It’s time India went on a job hunt
The latest survey results show that at the all India level, about 40.4 percent of the households belong to Other Backward Classes category followed by 29.9 percent under the others category, 20.3 percent under the Scheduled Castes category and the rest 9.4 percent households belong to the Scheduled Tribes category.
“The results show that about 24 percent households benefitted from employment generating schemes like MGNREGA, PMEGP, SGSY and SJSRY etc. Only three north eastern States, namely Tripura, Manipur and Mizoram have more than 70 percent of the households which have benefited from MGNREGA.”
In case of number of employed persons in the households, it is found that 48.4 percent of the households had only 1 employed person followed by 30.6 percent households with 2 employed persons. Households with 3 employed persons constituted 10.7 percent and households with 4 and above persons constituted only 5.2 percent. Remaining 5.1 percent of the households did not have even a single employed person/earner.
At the all India level, about 77 percent of the households were reported to be having no regular wage/salaried person, the report said.
In the present survey, an attempt has also been made to capture the information related to households having saving bank account and average monthly households earnings for each State/UT.
It is estimated that at the all India level a little more than 67 percent of the surveyed households had average Monthly Earnings not exceeding Rs 10,000 only. In rural sector such households constituted about 77 percent whereas the corresponding proportion was about 45 percent among urban households.
“It is also estimated that at the all India level, 94.4 percent of the households had saving bank accounts for both rural and urban sector. In Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep, all of the households surveyed had saving bank accounts. Chandigarh had 99 percent of the households with saving bank accounts.”
Nagaland had minimum i.e. 79.2 percent households having saving bank accounts and out of these the highest proportion (30.2 percent) of the households had average monthly household earnings of Rs. 20,001 to Rs. 50,000.
Read the full report on Fifth Annual Employment – Unemployment Survey (2015-16)
The Railways was unable to meet its operational cost of passenger and other coaching services. During 2014-15, there was a loss of Rs 33,821.70 crore on passenger and other coaching services. The freight services earned a profit of Rs 38,312.59 crore which indicated that 88.28 percent
Seasoned BJP parliamentarian Nand Kumar Sai, who took charge as the chairperson of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) on February 28, has his work cut out for him. Archana Mishra caught up with Sai, 71, on his first day in office where he
Should there be automatic termination as member of parliament if that person takes oath as minister/chief minister in a state?
When the truth was a few steps away from Modi’s gaze In November 2014, prime minister Narendra Modi made his first visit to his constituency Varanasi and launched a massive cleanliness drive at Asi ghat, which was covered in mud and silt. When locals sa
India has slipped one spot in the Human Development Index 2016. India’s HDI value for 2015 is 0.624 — which put the country in the medium human development category - positioning it at 131 out of 188 countries and territories. Between 1990 and 2015,
An appeal was made to PSUs to contribute funds under their CSR Scheme towards Health Minister’s Cancer Patient Fund-CSR for treatment of poor cancer patients. India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) contributed an amount of Rs 7.5 crore in 2015-16.