Public policy framework for mitigating the country’s gender-based climate risks
Rahul Gossain | March 8, 2022
India is likely to be the most impacted country by the effects of climate change and the most impacted large country.The IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report on Climate Change (2021) outlines speed of environmental damage and global warming is far starker than visualized earlier, thus calling for immediate and transformative actions that have wide ramifications for the female population in India, which is particularly susceptible to impact of client change.
Climate change is threatening to widen gender-based disparities, potentially adversely impact the role of women society and potentially affecting the socio-economic developmental opportunities available to women, thus calling for immediate solutions. Globally there is considerable and structured endeavour to aggressive enhance engagement of women in the decision making, especially at the grassroot level so that their problems can be better understood and responded to by policymakers.
Considerable progress has been made under the aegis United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to help member countries to recognise the disproportionate risks women face owing to climate change and respond in a structured and with adequate policy response, supported with effective mechanism to ensure implementation and progress.
At a more macro level, as a signatory to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) framework, India has invested over USD 140 million for development of frameworks and tools to enable implementation of UN SDGs. The Government of India (Government) is working with different arms of the United Nations (UN) to facilitate implementation of the UN SDGs.
Indian Dynamics, Gender, and the Climate Context
India ranks 131 on the Gender Inequality Index, which is based on health, education, and related parameters, which reflects highlights how women and children keep getting disproportionate poor treatment. Given these circumstances, any further negative impact and scenario could make things only works and continue to deprive Indiafurthermore of a more equitable socio-economic environment.
|Climate Risk Identified that have significant implications for women|
|• Impact of increasing incidents of extreme heat events, and overall rise in seasonal temperatures|
|• Depleting air quality from fuel burning; and rise in ground-level ozone due to increased temperatures|
|• Rising incidents of climate-related disasters – cyclones, flooding and wildfires|
|• Shift in rain cycles and in temperature patterns impact crop, livestock and fishery yields, thereby increasing food insecurity|
|• Increasing water insecurity. Leads to increased socio-economic, safety and enhanced risk of waterborne disease|
|• Temperature changes, and changes in ecology and precipitation levels are changing the geographic location and spread and distribution of vector borne diseases|
|Source:(Sorensen et al., 2018)|
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