The word and the world: Post-truth, xenophobia and fascism

‘The words of the year’ reflect the nefarious times we live in

GN Bureau | December 2, 2016


#Brexit   #Donald Trump   #politics   #xenophobia   #fascism   #Post-truth  
Fascism is the world of the year, according to Merriam Webster
Fascism is the world of the year, according to Merriam Webster

It was Oxford Dictionary that started the trend last month, declaring ‘post-truth’ as the word of the year. Then came dictionary.com, giving that status to ‘xenophobia’. Now Merriam-Webster says ‘fascism’ is at the top of its list of most-searched words in 2016, though it is yet to name the final winner and has even appealed users of its website to look up something else and save the world.

 
POST-TRUTH
“After much discussion, debate, and research, the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth – an adjective defined as ‘relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief’,” the Oxford Dictionaries website announced.  
 
Explaining the choice, it said the concept has been in existence for the past decade, but “Oxford Dictionaries has seen a spike in frequency this year in the context of the EU referendum in the UK and the presidential election in the US. It has also become associated with a particular noun, in the phrase post-truth politics”. 
 
The website traces the first use of the term to a 1992 essay by the late Serbian-American playwright Steve Tesich in The Nation magazine. “Reflecting on the Iran-Contra scandal and the Persian Gulf War, Tesich lamented that ‘we, as a free people, have freely decided that we want to live in some post-truth world’.”
 
Simply put, post-truth means truth has become irrelevant in political debates. In other words, as seen in Brexit and Trump campaigns, many people don’t mind if your facts are wrong, if you make baseless allegations and unfounded claims – as long as you voice their real or imaginary fears. That’s xenophobia, the word of the year on another dictionary.
 
XENOPHOBIA
Dictionary.com names its word of the year bases on the “data about the words looked up by tens of thousands of curious people at any given moment”. And this year, “one word that spiked time and again reflected a recurring theme in the year’s news, their editors say: ‘fear of the other.’ And that’s why the outlet’s word of the year is xenophobia.” 
 
The website explains that the word has two definitions on the site, “both reflecting the fearful (and often isolationist) sentiments that aired during the Brexit vote, the American election, the debates over what to do with Syrian refugees, racially charged police shootings and even fights over which bathrooms transgender people should be using in public”.
 
The definitions are:
 
1. fear or hatred of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers.
2. fear or dislike of the customs, dress, etc., of people who are culturally different from oneself.
 
“Over the past year, headlines tied to gender, sexuality and race dominated the news,” the company’s editors said in a press release. “In particular, many of the year’s biggest stories focused on the way in which individuals or members of a group are perceived, understood, accepted or shut out.”
 
That sounds like fascism. Which is on its way to becoming the word of the year at Merriam-Webster.
 
FASCISM
“Fascism' is still our #1 lookup. # of lookups = how we choose our Word of the Year. There's still time to look something else up,” Merriam-Webster tweeted on November 30. 
 
This dictionary defines ‘fascism’ as:
1. often capitalized:  a political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition
 
2. a tendency toward or actual exercise of strong autocratic or dictatorial control
 
 
***
These choices of course reflect a trend based on concerns of the English-speaking populations. To what extent they apply to India is open to debate.
 
 

Comments

 

Other News

Ordinances promulgated to boost agriculture

 After the announcement of the decisions by the government for reforms in the agricultural sector for raising the income of the farmers as part of the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the president has promulgated two ordinances with the aim of giving a boost to rural India for farmers engaged in a

How Covid-19 can be a boon to slash tobacco disease burden

 The two-month Covid-19 lockdown has been both a bane and a boon for India’s 27 crore tobacco users. With tobacco not included in the list of essential goods and many states explicitly banning chewing tobacco over concerns of spitting, the sharp drop in availability has forced them to undergo wi

Maharshtra braces to face Cyclone Nisarga

 Even as Mumbai fights challenges posed by COVID-19 on multiple fronts and as the  coronavirus cases continue to rise daily, the city now faces a double whammy with the cyclone ‘Nisarga’ slated to make the landfall in Maharashtra Wednesday. A state-wide alert has been issued for Mumba

Harnessing the demographic capital: how effective are skilling programmes?

Probing data concerning increased job creation and the decline in unemployment has been holding the attention of economists and been subject of discussions in several think tanks in the preceding months. The NITI Aayog reports that 3.53 million new jobs were created between September 2017 and February 2018

It`s time to Unlock now, with economic focus

With Lockdown 4 ending Sunday, the home ministry has issued new guidelines to fight COVID-19 and for phased re-opening of areas outside the Containment Zones. The guidelines, issued based on extensive consultations held with states and UTs, will be effective from June 1 till June 30. The first phase of reo

Small kitchen gardens turn saviours for Gujarat tribal families

When the whole world is fighting COVID-19, food and nutrition security has become a major issue. The pandemic has aggravated the existing food crisis in India, especially in rural and tribal regions. There has been less availability of fresh foods in most parts of the country, and the tribal community has



Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter