UNICEF stresses on planned urban development

Report says planned development will help the urban poor children meet their needs


Jasleen Kaur | February 29, 2012

The UNICEF’s report – The State of The World’s Children 2012, Children in an Urban World says there are 97 million urban poor in India and the population projection shows that almost 40% of the population would shift to urban areas by 2026. One out of three people in urban areas is a migrant. There are around 49,000 urban slums in India and 70% of them are in five states -- Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat

It is believed that child’s health and survival, education, protection or sanitation is better in urban areas than in rural areas. But the report shows great inequity within the cities because urban opportunities are not evenly spread.

In Delhi, around 54 percent children from slums attended primary school in 2004-05, compared with 90 percent of children across the city.

The report says that though the RTE has played an important role in sending children to school a lot more needs to be done.

Children living or working on the street, children living in slums, migrant and displaced children, those without formal registration and those trafficked are the most vulnerable. The report says that in some cases children living in urban poverty are as likely to die before the age of five or be malnourished as those in the rural areas. Urban areas have better health facilities but kids may not be able to avail them. Half of the urban poor girls get married before 18 years and almost half of the pregnant women can't have access to safe delivery. Also, six out of 10 women are anemic.

Children in low income urban areas are often exposed to high risk of respiratory disease. The rural-urban gap in nutrition has narrowed in recent decades. Urban undernutrition rates were found to be very high in a 2005-2006 study. Among the poorest urban residents, 54% children were found to be stunted, indicating they had been seriously undernourished for some time, compared with 33 percent among rest of the urban population.

Sudhir Kumar Additional Secretary of Ministry of Women and Child Welfare said there are schemes like ICPS and ICDS which are working to improve the condition of children. He added, “The government is on the verge of making 12th five year plan and tracking every child will be an important element of this plan.”

A majority of the health problems faced by urban poor children are because of unsafe water and poor sanitation. Across the world, an estimated 1.2 million children die before the age of five from diarrhoea. Also, the number of poor people who defecate in the open increased from 140 million in 1990 to 169 million in 2008.

The report says that it is important to ensure urban planning and infrastructure development to reduce poverty and inequality to meet the needs and priorities of children.



Other News

Dharma as the original Idea of India

Dharma: Hinduism and Religions in India By Chaturvedi Badrinath Edited by Tulsi Badrinath Penguin, 194+ xiii pages, Rs 499 How to live: That is the most fundamental question of human existence.

Prakash Ambedkar on why he wants other parties to mention the candidates’ community

Prakash Ambedkar, grandson of Dr BR Ambedkar and popularly known as Balasaheb Ambedkar, heads the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi (VBA). The three-time MP founded this new political party last year with a vision of Ambedkarism, secularism, socialism and progressivism. The VBA, registered this year before the Lo

Maharashtra, Haryana polls: parties spent Rs 280.72 crore on publicity

Political parties that contested the Maharashtra and Haryana assembly elections in 2014 spent the largest part of their expenses, Rs 280.72 crore (77.35 percent), on publicity, shows an analysis by the National Election Watch (NEW). This was followed by Rs 41.40 crore on travel expenses, Rs 22.59 crore on

Why Modi-Xi informal summit in Mamallapuram is important

Barely four days are left for Chinese president Xi Jinping to land in Mamallapuram (or Mahabalipuram) for an informal summit with prime minister Narendra Modi. While official confirmation is still awaited at the time of writing, the two leaders are expected to meet in this Tamil Nadu town known for its tem

Aarey tree cutting: Supreme court orders status quo

Citizen protesters had some relief on Monday as the Supreme Court ordered a status quo pm the cutting of trees in Aarey forests of Mumbai to build a Metro Rail shed. The apex court’s forest bench will hear the matter in detail on October 21 to find out if the selected site falls in the

Single-use plastic ban: Govt to focus on awareness

After prime minister Narendra Modi in his independence day address to the nation referred to the environmental harm caused by single-use plastic, the government was widely expected to come out with a formal ban on the substance from October 2, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. There has been n

Current Issue

Current Issue


CM Nitish’s convoy attacked in Buxar


Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter