MP assembly polls: Of frogs, scales and upper caste equations

Changing economic profile of the state can override changing allegiances

ajay

Ajay Singh | November 29, 2018


#Shivraj Singh Chouhan   #assembly elections   #Madhya Pradesh   #Bharatiya Jana Sangh   #BJP  
Driver Roop Singh dispenses earthy wisdom
Driver Roop Singh dispenses earthy wisdom

Driving down from Indore to Bhopal, my driver Roop Singh gave me a lesson in sociology and politics when I asked him about the elections. The lesson I learnt from Roop Singh was quite instructive in understanding the post-poll scenario.

“You see, sir, upper castes are like frogs in a taraju (scale), and each of them jumps habitually to disturb the scale,” he said while talking about the unrest among sections of the upper castes on certain utterances attributed to Shivraj Singh Chouhan in favour of the scheduled castes, OBCs and job reservation. Then Roop Singh went on to explain his complex earthy wisdom.

Also Read: The Master Sahib effect

MP Travel Diary: Closed sugar mills spell trouble for Shivraj Chouhan

MP voters want to bake bread on the other side

“I do not know to which caste you belong. I am a Thakur and assuming that you are also a Thakur, there is nothing common between you and me,” he said, adding that in an urban milieu, class division obfuscates caste division. In his view, a section of the rich upper castes is guided by “the frog syndrome”, trying to disturb the political scale for their self-interests. “Contrast this with the behaviour of Muslims, and you will find them sitting tight on one side of the scale,” he pointed out.
 
It goes without saying that Roop Singh is a BJP supporter. But what was quite significant in his formulation was the underlying theme of communal division. Given the presence of the BJP’s robust organisational structure in the state, Hindutva seems to have permeated deeply into the state’s body politic. It is not without reason that even top Congress leaders are running from Datia Pitambara Peeth to the Mahakal temple in Ujjain to seek divine blessings. Rahul Gandhi led this show to establish the party’s pro-Hindu credentials.
 
But that seems not only too little and too late but also an obsolete idea. In the past, the Congress was for long regarded as more pro-Hindu than the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS). This was all the more true when Dwarka Prasad Mishra was chief minister during 1963-67. Even during Indira Gandhi’s time, the party was never seen with slightest suspicion by Hindus, though the RSS-BJS had a strong presence in the state. This situation reversed only during Digvijay Singh’s second stint (1998-2003) when he embraced a brand of secularism which was projected as a tactic of minority appeasement. What compounded the Congress’s folly was its reliance on the premise that the socially marginalised groups would not join the Hindutva fold, which was largely perceived as pro-upper castes.
 
There is no doubt that Digvijay Singh successfully stalled the BJP’s march in 1998 on account of his pro-poor approach that roped in the socially marginalised sections to the party’s fold. However, his over-reliance on this strategy proved counterproductive in 2003 when “Bijli, sadak and pani (electricity, road and water)” became the reigning slogan for people. Though the BJP projected Uma Bharti as its CM candidate, it did not harp on Hindutva but promised these basic amenities to lure in voters. Since then, the Congress has been unable to find its feet on the electoral ground of the state.
 
And it is unlikely that they can do so this time either despite a propitious political circumstance. The reason is not far to seek. The Shivraj Singh Chouhan government has been recklessly overindulgent on social spending to mitigate the rural stress. Take for example, the Rs 600 crore worth purchase of onions by the state to assuage farmers’ plight. Or, the introduction of Bhavantar scheme under which the farmer is directly paid the difference between the minimum support price (MSP) and the actual market price, in case the latter is higher. In many of these schemes there is a huge potential of irregularities. Yet the spending has invariably benefitted local traders and farmers and substantially mitigated the anger against the government.
 
At the same time, rapid urbanisation and expansion of the irrigation network across the state has brought prosperity and lifted a substantial section of the poor above the distress level. This improvement in the economic profile has resulted in a sea change in the social complexion of the state. Even the upper castes that migrated to urban areas in search of jobs are more aligned to class division than caste allegiance. That is what my driver Roop Singh explained beautifully in his own way. 
 
That does not mean that Chouhan has a cake walk. He is certainly encumbered by indiscretions of his own government; in the Vyapam and other scams in social welfare spending, in giving free reins to mining mafias. Add to that the unbridled hubris of BJP’s local cadres and leaders. But what makes his task a bit easier is the clear distinction between the BJP and the Congress: while the former is firing on all cylinders to win, the latter awaits a windfall to come its way. 
 
[This comment has appeared on FirstPost.com]

Comments

 

Other News

Harnessing the demographic capital: how effective are skilling programmes?

Probing data concerning increased job creation and the decline in unemployment has been holding the attention of economists and been subject of discussions in several think tanks in the preceding months. The NITI Aayog reports that 3.53 million new jobs were created between September 2017 and February 2018

It`s time to Unlock now, with economic focus

With Lockdown 4 ending Sunday, the home ministry has issued new guidelines to fight COVID-19 and for phased re-opening of areas outside the Containment Zones. The guidelines, issued based on extensive consultations held with states and UTs, will be effective from June 1 till June 30. The first phase of reo

Small kitchen gardens turn saviours for Gujarat tribal families

When the whole world is fighting COVID-19, food and nutrition security has become a major issue. The pandemic has aggravated the existing food crisis in India, especially in rural and tribal regions. There has been less availability of fresh foods in most parts of the country, and the tribal community has

India will set example of post-Covid-19 economic revival: Modi

India is determined to “set an example” for the rest of the word in the post-pandemic economic revival, prime minister Narendra Modi has said, underling the need to become self-reliant. “There is also a widespread debate on how the economies of various countries, including

3,543 ‘Shramik Special’ trains transport 48 lakh people in 26 days

Close to 48 lakh migrant labourers have been able to reach home from the cities they were working in, as the Indian Railways have run a total of 3,543 “Sharmik Special” trains from May 1. Following the home ministry order regarding the movement by special trains of migrant worker

How Jeevan Raths have helped 52,000 migrants in Maharashtra

Before the novel coronavirus hit it, Mumbai about 10-12 lakh labourers from elsewhere had made it their home. The figure for the state of Maharashtra was another 18-20 lakh. As the pandemic spread and the Maximum City emerged as the worst-hit place in India, all economic activities came to an end, and with



Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter