“There's no hope for that country where there is no estimation of women…”

Kathua and the Unnao cases show we have not learnt a lesson from the 'Nirbhaya' case

Amna Mirza | April 13, 2018


#Nirbhaya   #Unnao   #Kathua   #rape   #sexual violence   #Gender  
Illustration: Ashish Asthana
Illustration: Ashish Asthana

An eight-year-old infant in Kathua of Jammu and Kashmir was kidnapped, drugged and gang-raped for eight days and then murdered. After a young woman accused the local MLA of rape, her father is thrashed and dies in judicial custody. The Yogi Adityanath government orders withdrawal of a rape and abduction case lodged against former junior home minister Swami Chinamayanand – more than seven years after he was booked by the Shahjahanpur police. In Assam, six girls were raped and killed last month. A professor of the prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru University was released within hours of arrest though several students had accused him of sexual harassment, and then the professor’s lawyer named one of the complainants on a news channel in utter violation of law. Another echo of sexual harassment was heard from the department of chemistry at University of Delhi.

It is time for collective solidarity with trade-offs between procedural and substantive justice, as silence will only defeat the ethos of struggle of women worldwide.

A perplexing question emerges before We, The People of India: where are we headed? Of course, one should not jump the gun, never reach conclusion in haste, and should pronounce the guilty only after due investigation. At the same time, we have to carefully chalk out lines of our arguments – that in these matters of violence and crime against women, one need not look for secular or communal credentials, or paint them as ‘us versus them’ or ‘Hindu versus Muslim’, as it goes without saying that a crime is a crime and wrongdoing or evil has no justification in any civilised society. Further, let’s recall that no faith preaches hate.

No doubt, we are all sensitised to what is happening but at the same time, it brings certain painful questions to the fore: do we now always check the religion of the victim and the accused? That instead of working on hurdles in way of justice, will our citizenry chart out an absolutist way of majoritarian versus minority divide? And the most nauseating aspect, can we allow politics to rule over humanity in instances of sexual violence on the basis of religious prejudice?

Police and law and order are primarily state subjects, but the federal deficit is visible in terms of silence on part of the central government to work out cohesive laws for women.

Let’s recall Winnie Mandela’s concern, that patriarchy, ‘rape culture’ and femicide of the post-apartheid South Africa would derail the hard-won freedom as there can be no liberation without women. Despite public outrage that we saw in India after the ‘Nirbhaya’ case, sexual violence and crime against women remain as epidemic as ever. This is why feminism as an epistemology in global and national politics cuts across borders. The context may change but the text remains the same, that ‘gender’ is used as a social construct in order to use biological differences for exploitation of women. Rape, harassment and sexual assault also are an expression of power and control.

Women’s movements also have come a long way from the first generation battling for political rights, to the second phase arguing for social and economic stakes. The reasons for crime against women not only stem from patriarchy, but also from inadequacy or at times failure of law and order. The tragic truth in India and elsewhere is that first information report (FIR) may be the beginning of a process which ends with appallingly low conviction rates.

Also let’s get our theorising clear that not all women are feminists, and, at the same time, not all men are misogynists. However, the haunting indoctrination of patriarchy reinforces a system where girls are raised with the fear of rape and the responsibility of controlling themselves in order to not get raped. Here we are to blame so far as we are passively complicit in upholding a system which rewards male entitlement and female dehumanisation.

If we bring in a comparative perspective, countries like Iceland or cities like New York have reformed their legislations to make progressive laws more effective. In India, however, reforms have surely lagged behind. There should be zero tolerance towards such crimes. At the same time, death penalty as punishment for rape may not be the right deterrent.

What the Kathua and the Unnao cases have unveiled is the fact that we have not learnt a lesson from the 'Nirbhaya' case. Bringing nationalism and religion into the debate over the ghastly crime only shows that the bias against women is deep-rooted. It is as if the polity fears ceding space to women. Merely having more female legislators will do no good to the larger issue of women empowerment. Today as the world is shocked at the rise in violence against women in our country, we have done a huge disservice to ethos of the constitution as well as to the foundations of faith.

Swami Vivekananda, who worked tirelessly to fight the plight of women, had cautioned us: “There is no hope for that family or country where there is no estimation of women, where they live in sadness.” These defining moments hold this same mirror for us today as to how the powerful have shielded the corrupt, that the idea of change in the nation was only superficial and that we have allowed politicisation of tragedy along divisive lines.

Dr Mirza is assistant professor, Political Science, University of Delhi.

Comments

 

Other News

How much time do you spend talking on phone?

How much time do Indians spend talking on phone? It is on average 761 minutes per month, according to a new report from the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). The telecom regulator released its report, titled ‘The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicators: July-Septemb

“Developing public health infrastructure key to sustainable healthcare for all”

Renowned cardiologist Dr Ramakanta Panda has said that the pandemic has exposed the inadequacy of existing healthcare systems and it is wrong to draw comparisons with Korea, a country with the population equal to that of a single Indian state. While speaking to Kailashnath Adhikari, MD, Gove

SC-appointed panel on farm laws holds first meet

The committee of experts appointed by the supreme court to deliberate with the stakeholders on the new farm laws held its first meeting here Tuesday, with one of its members saying that all stakeholders, including individual farmers, will be heard. Hearing a petition on the farm laws enacted

India’s glitch-free vaccination gathers pace

The nationwide vaccination campaign launched Saturday, the largest such exercise in the world, has started setting new benchmarks, with vaccines administered to 2,24,301 beneficiaries in the first two days. “India has vaccinated the highest number of persons on Day1 under its COVID19 v

Maharashtra to spend Rs 2,500 crore to augment, develop power infrastructure

The Maharashtra government has announced a spending of Rs 2,500 crore annually to develop infrastructure of state-owned distribution company Mahavitaran (MSEDCL).   Out of the total amount, Rs 1,500 crore will be spent on energisation of conventional agriculture pumps and Rs 1,000 crore

Launched: Largest vaccination drive in history

India on Saturday began the massive vaccination drive against Covid-19, as prime minister Narendra Modi paid tributes the ‘corona warriors’. “Such a vaccination drive at such a massive scale was never conducted in history. There are over 100 countries having less than 3 cro

Masterminds: Masterclass on World Affair with Sreeram Chaulia





Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter