6 percent reduction in tobacco use in India: GATS 2

Maharashtra records significant decrease, consumption more in north eastern states

geetanjali

Geetanjali Minhas | February 11, 2019 | Delhi


#India   #smokers   #Gutkha   #bidi   #India   #Maharashtra   #GATS   #tobacco   #smokeless tobacco  
 The mean age of tobacco use too has increased from 17.9 years in 2009 - 2010 to 18.9 years in 2016-2017.
The mean age of tobacco use too has increased from 17.9 years in 2009 - 2010 to 18.9 years in 2016-2017.

Tobacco consumption in India has decreased by 6 percent among the adult population. As per the latest GATS 2 (Global Adult Tobacco Survey), tobacco consumption among adults aged 15 and above has come down from 34.6 percent in 2009-2010 (GATS1) to 28.6 percent (266.8 million) in 2016-2017. There is also a decrease in smokers from 14.4 percent to 10.7 percent and smokeless tobacco use from 25.9 percent to 21.4 percent between the same periods. The mean age of tobacco use too has increased from 17.9 years in 2009 - 2010 to 18.9 years in 2016-2017.

 
The survey covering 30 states and UT’s of Chandigarh and Puducherry, commissioned by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, USA was released at the National Conference on Tobacco or Health organized by Salaam Bombay Foundation, Tata Memorial Hospital, Action Council against Tobacco and Healis- Seksaria Institute for Public Health.  
 
As per the findings 19 percent men, 2 percent  women and 10.7 percent (99.5 million) of all adults in India currently smoke tobacco out of which 4 percent  smoke cigarettes and 7.7 percent  smoke bidi. Approximately 27 percent men, 12.8 percent women and 21.4 percent (199.4 million) of all adults currently use smokeless tobacco and 42.4 percent of men, 14.2 percent of women and 28.6 percent (266.8 million) of all adults currently use smoked and/or smokeless tobacco). In terms of frequency, 24.9 percent (232.4 million) adults are daily tobacco users and 3.7 percent (34.4 million) are occasional users.
 
Further, 38.7 percent of adults were exposed to second hand smoke at home, 30.2 percent adults who work indoors are exposed to second hand smoke at their workplace and 3.4 percent adults were exposed to second hand smoke at restaurants.The average monthly expenditure on cigarette has gone up from Rs 668 to Rs 1192.5 between 2009- 2017 and Rs 156.3 to Rs 284.1 for bidi during the same period.   
 
Tobacco use is highest in the northeastern states - Mizoram has the highest tobacco smokers at 34.4 percent followed by Meghalaya at 31.6 percent and Tripura at 27.7 percent. In terms of smokeless tobacco the percentage is highest in Tripura at 48.5 percent followed by 47.7 percent in Manipur and 42.9 percent in Odisha. Tripura has highest no of smoking and smokeless tobacco consumption at 64.5 percent followed by Mizoram at 58.7 percent and Manipur at 55.1 percent.        
 
Maharashtra is the only state to see a significant decrease in smoking by 2.8 percentage points and smokeless tobacco use by 3.2 percentage points. Around 6 percent men, 1.4 percent women and 3.8 percent of all adults currently smoke tobacco. Approximately 32 percent men, 16.6 percent women and 24.4 percent of all adults currently use smokeless tobacco while 35.5 percent men, 17 percent women and 26.6 percent of all adults either smoke tobacco and/or use smokeless tobacco.
 
In terms of the types of tobacco consumption in the state, there is a decrease of 4.8 percentage points of any tobacco use from 31.4 percent in GATS 1 to 26.6 percent in GATS 2. Khiani and gutkha are the two most commonly used tobacco products. 15.5 percent adults use khaini and 8.6 percent adults use gutkha. About 5 percent use oral tobacco application, 3.7percent   have betel quid with tobacco and 1.95 smoke bidi. There is a decrease of initiation of mean age from 18.5 years to 17.4 years between 2009-2017 however the prevalence of tobacco use among persons aged 15-17 years however has increased from 2.9 percent to 5.5 percent  .
 
“There are 3500 deaths daily (13.5 lakh annually) due to tobacco consumption in India. Tobacco generates Rs 17000 crores annual revenue. Every third tobacco user dies prematurely. With the implementation of Juvenile Justice Act India is the only country in the world to change tobacco control where anyone who gives or causes to give tobacco to a child less than 18 years of age is punishable by 7 years rigorous imprisonment and Rs 1 lakh fine. Now it is on us to ensure that this is enforced’ said Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, Deputy Director,Centre for Cancer Epidemology, Tata Memorial Hospital .
 
Vineet Gill of WHO India said that as per WHO FCTC (Framework of Convention on Tobacco Control) findings Govt of India is spending Rs 100,000 crore on treating tobacco related diseases annually .This amount exceeds its expenditure on health as its revenue collected is 17 percent of this expenditure.
 
State commissioner, food and drug administration, Pallavi Darade said that in 2012, Maharashtra was the first state not only to ban pan masala and gutkha but also scented tobacco, supari and kharra. There is a continued notification in January 2018 - Maharashtra is the first state to pass a notification to ban tobacco and FMCG products from the same premises. “The idea behind the ban is to prevent children who come to buy chocolates and other products from being addicted. Due to porous borders there is a free flow of banned products from neighboring states. Since 2012 we have seized more than 176 crores of gutkha and lodged more than 4000 FIR’s all over Maharashtra. We have taken out a circular and approached the transport commissioner to confiscate these banned products and cancel licenses of vehicles and drivers carrying them with action under the Food Safety Act and CrPC.” she said.   

Comments

 

Other News

Vanni: In struggle of memory, pictures complement words

Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the new president of Sri Lanka, won the November elections that were held amid continued polarization in the island nation. As defence secretary, he had led the government’s decisive fight against the LTTE rebels in 2009, in which most of the guerrilla leaders were killed. Thus en

How Sahitya Akademi promotes India lit abroad

Sahitya Akademi, the autonomous organization under the ministry of culture, has been silently promoting Indian literature abroad through a host of activities, including promotion of translations. The Akademi has helped translate much-talked about Bangla novel ‘Herbert’ by Nabarun

Hotel responsible for vehicle in valet parking: supreme court

Once a guest hands over the car keys to the valet, the vehicle is under the hotel’s responsibility, and it will have to compensate any damage to it, the supreme court has ruled. In a judgment under the contract law, a bench of justices Mohan M Shantanagoudar and Ajay Rastogi has upheld

Homebuyers have filed 1,821 cases against builders

Amid oversupply, slackening demand and financial troubles, many builders have not been able to deliver homes to buyers, leaving the latter in the lurch. The buyers in turn have taken recourse to filing cases against builders: a total of 1,821 cases under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) 2016 were p

Rajya Sabha looks back and forward on historic occasion

The beginning of its historic 250th session gave the upper house of parliament an opportunity to take stock of its past and its future, the challenges ahead and the ways to meet them. The house on Monday took up a discussion on ‘The Role of Rajya Sabha in Indian Polity and the Way Forw

Kartarpur Sahib: The corrdidor can show the way to peace

When the corridor to the Gurudwara Darbar Sahib, in Kartarpur (Pakistan), was opened for the pilgrims from India on November 9, prime minister Narendra Modi recalled the fall of Berlin Wall, which took place on the same date 30 years ago. The Berlin Wall collapse not only reunited the two Ge



Archives

Current Issue

Video

CM Nitish’s convoy attacked in Buxar

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter