MP assembly polls: Of frogs, scales and upper caste equations

Changing economic profile of the state can override changing allegiances

ajay

Ajay Singh | November 29, 2018


#Shivraj Singh Chouhan   #assembly elections   #Madhya Pradesh   #Bharatiya Jana Sangh   #BJP  
Driver Roop Singh dispenses earthy wisdom
Driver Roop Singh dispenses earthy wisdom

Driving down from Indore to Bhopal, my driver Roop Singh gave me a lesson in sociology and politics when I asked him about the elections. The lesson I learnt from Roop Singh was quite instructive in understanding the post-poll scenario.

“You see, sir, upper castes are like frogs in a taraju (scale), and each of them jumps habitually to disturb the scale,” he said while talking about the unrest among sections of the upper castes on certain utterances attributed to Shivraj Singh Chouhan in favour of the scheduled castes, OBCs and job reservation. Then Roop Singh went on to explain his complex earthy wisdom.

Also Read: The Master Sahib effect

MP Travel Diary: Closed sugar mills spell trouble for Shivraj Chouhan

MP voters want to bake bread on the other side

“I do not know to which caste you belong. I am a Thakur and assuming that you are also a Thakur, there is nothing common between you and me,” he said, adding that in an urban milieu, class division obfuscates caste division. In his view, a section of the rich upper castes is guided by “the frog syndrome”, trying to disturb the political scale for their self-interests. “Contrast this with the behaviour of Muslims, and you will find them sitting tight on one side of the scale,” he pointed out.
 
It goes without saying that Roop Singh is a BJP supporter. But what was quite significant in his formulation was the underlying theme of communal division. Given the presence of the BJP’s robust organisational structure in the state, Hindutva seems to have permeated deeply into the state’s body politic. It is not without reason that even top Congress leaders are running from Datia Pitambara Peeth to the Mahakal temple in Ujjain to seek divine blessings. Rahul Gandhi led this show to establish the party’s pro-Hindu credentials.
 
But that seems not only too little and too late but also an obsolete idea. In the past, the Congress was for long regarded as more pro-Hindu than the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS). This was all the more true when Dwarka Prasad Mishra was chief minister during 1963-67. Even during Indira Gandhi’s time, the party was never seen with slightest suspicion by Hindus, though the RSS-BJS had a strong presence in the state. This situation reversed only during Digvijay Singh’s second stint (1998-2003) when he embraced a brand of secularism which was projected as a tactic of minority appeasement. What compounded the Congress’s folly was its reliance on the premise that the socially marginalised groups would not join the Hindutva fold, which was largely perceived as pro-upper castes.
 
There is no doubt that Digvijay Singh successfully stalled the BJP’s march in 1998 on account of his pro-poor approach that roped in the socially marginalised sections to the party’s fold. However, his over-reliance on this strategy proved counterproductive in 2003 when “Bijli, sadak and pani (electricity, road and water)” became the reigning slogan for people. Though the BJP projected Uma Bharti as its CM candidate, it did not harp on Hindutva but promised these basic amenities to lure in voters. Since then, the Congress has been unable to find its feet on the electoral ground of the state.
 
And it is unlikely that they can do so this time either despite a propitious political circumstance. The reason is not far to seek. The Shivraj Singh Chouhan government has been recklessly overindulgent on social spending to mitigate the rural stress. Take for example, the Rs 600 crore worth purchase of onions by the state to assuage farmers’ plight. Or, the introduction of Bhavantar scheme under which the farmer is directly paid the difference between the minimum support price (MSP) and the actual market price, in case the latter is higher. In many of these schemes there is a huge potential of irregularities. Yet the spending has invariably benefitted local traders and farmers and substantially mitigated the anger against the government.
 
At the same time, rapid urbanisation and expansion of the irrigation network across the state has brought prosperity and lifted a substantial section of the poor above the distress level. This improvement in the economic profile has resulted in a sea change in the social complexion of the state. Even the upper castes that migrated to urban areas in search of jobs are more aligned to class division than caste allegiance. That is what my driver Roop Singh explained beautifully in his own way. 
 
That does not mean that Chouhan has a cake walk. He is certainly encumbered by indiscretions of his own government; in the Vyapam and other scams in social welfare spending, in giving free reins to mining mafias. Add to that the unbridled hubris of BJP’s local cadres and leaders. But what makes his task a bit easier is the clear distinction between the BJP and the Congress: while the former is firing on all cylinders to win, the latter awaits a windfall to come its way. 
 
[This comment has appeared on FirstPost.com]

Comments

 

Other News

India records lowest new cases in three months

After a scare in September with the number of daily fresh cases inching above 90,000, India seems to have gone down the peak, with several key parameters giving cause for relief just in time for the annual festive season. The new confirmed cases in the 24 hours to Tuesday morning have fallen below 36,500 (

India’s case fatality rate lowest since Janata curfew

The annual festive season has brought good news for India: the country’s case fatality ratio has gone down to touch 1.5 percent, and the number of deaths per day has dipped below 500 in the 24 hours to Monday morning – bringing the situation closer to the number before the lockdown was imposed

“Script is the real hero”

Basking in the success of the new web series, ‘Scam 1992: The Harshad  Mehta Story ’,on SonyLIV, the OTT platform from Sony stable where the lead actors are new faces, NP Singh, MD and CEO of Sony Pictures Networks, has said that the script is the new hero. He credited the s

India’s active cases below 10% of total cases for three days

India’s trend of steadily decreasing active cases continues unabated. The number of Active Cases has remained below 10% of the total cases for the last three days, suggesting only one in 10 cases is active Covid-19 patient. The active cases comprise merely 9.29% of the total positive c

Cabinet clears bonus for non-gazetted employees

The union cabinet chaired by prime minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday gave its approval to pay productivity linked bonus (PLB) for 2019-20 to 16.97 lakh non-gazetted employees of commercial establishments like Railways, Posts, Defence, EPFO, and ESIC, with a financial implication of Rs.2,791 crore.

Covid-19: Daily new cases fall below 50K

India has leaped across several significant milestones in its fight against Covid-19. The new confirmed cases in the 24 hours to Tuesday morning have fallen below 50,000 (46,790, to be precise) for the first time in nearly three months. The last time the number of new cases was close to this level was on J

India Police Virtual Summit and Awards 2020

Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter