Covid-19: India’s total recoveries leap up to 7.2 lakh

National Recovery Rate improves to 62.72%, Case Fatality continues to dip further to 2.43%

GN Bureau | July 22, 2020


#sero test   #recovery   #testing   #health ministry   #healthcare   #coronavirus   #Covid-19   #Delhi   #WHO  


While India remains one of the most Covid-19-affected countries, its recovery rate continues to improve with the total number of patients who have returned home touching 7,24,577. 

India’s recovery rate has further improved to 62.72%. Its Case Fatality Rate is among the lowest, 2.43%, which is consistently falling.

“Sustained, proactive, progressive and evidence-based strategies for effective surveillance, testing through expanded effective country-wide network of labs, coupled with Standard Treatment Protocol for ensuring effective clinical treatment of COVID19 cases have resulted in a progressive increase of 24,491 in COVID-19 recoveries during the last 24 hours,” an official bulletin said Tuesday evening.

The gap between the number of recovered cases and active cases has increased to 3,22,048. There are 4,02,529 active cases and all are under medical supervision.

In the 24 hours to Tuesday evening, 3,33,395 samples were tested. Cumulatively 1,43,81,303 samples have been tested in the country. This has been possible through ever expanding diagnostic lab network of 1274 labs, including 892 labs in the government sector and 382 private labs.

19 state/UTs conduct more than 140 tests/day/million

The “Test, Track, Treat” strategy encapsulates the holistic framework for management of Covid-19. It has been implemented through various measures by the state/UT governments. While states/UTs have substantially expanded their testing network, they have also undertaken measures to facilitate widespread testing by people at large. As a result the national average of tests/day/million has substantially jumped to 180, as on date.

The WHO in its Guidance Note on “Public Health Criteria to Adjust Public Health and Social Measures in the Context of Covid-19” has advised comprehensive surveillance for suspected Covid-19 cases. The WHO has advised that a country needs 140 tests/day/ million population.
There are currently 19 state/UTs which are conducting more tests than that. Goa is testing most at 1,333 tests per day per million.

The centre and ICMR have continually advised the state/UT governments to improve the number of tests conducted. Through the coordinated efforts, India’s testing per million (TPM) has increased to 10,421. This has helped in early detection and timely and effective clinical management of Covid-19 cases.

In tandem with increased testing, the Confirmation Rate or Positivity Rate for India is continuously reducing and currently stands at 8.07%. There are 30 State/UTs in India which have lower Positivity Rate than the India average. This indicates that Centre-led initiative of increased testing is working in yielding positive results.

Sero-prevalence study reveals widespread prevalence

Nearly one in four people (23.48%, to be precise) in Delhi has shown the prevalence of IgG antibodies, according to a sero-surveillance study in the capital.

The study also indicates that a large number of infected persons remain asymptomatic. Commissioned by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), this study was carried out by the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) in collaboration with the Delhi government, from June 27 to July 10.

For all the 11 districts of Delhi, survey teams were formed. Blood samples were collected from selected individuals after taking written informed consent and then their sera were tested for IgG antibodies and infection using COVID KAVACH ELISA approved by the ICMR. It is one of the largest sero-prevalence studies conducted in the country using the ELISA testing.

As many as 21,387 samples were collected as per lab standards and were tested. The tests help in identification of presence of antibodies in the general population. The test performed is not a diagnostic test but only provides information about past infection due to SARSCoV-2 in individuals who test positive.

Antibody testing repeatedly done over time, i.e., sero-surveillance, generates important evidence for assessing the spread of the pandemic from time to time.

The results of the sero-prevalence study show that on an average, across Delhi, the prevalence of IgG antibodies is 23.48 %.  The study also indicates that a large number of infected persons remain asymptomatic.

Implications:
1.    Nearly six months into the epidemic, only 23.48% of the people are affected in Delhi, which has several pockets of dense population. This can be attributed to the proactive efforts taken by the Government to prevent the spread of infection including prompt lockdown, effective containment and surveillance measures, including contact tracing and tracking, as well as citizen’s compliance to COVID Appropriate Behaviours.

2.    However, a significant proportion of the population is still vulnerable. Therefore, the containment measures need to continue with the same rigour. Non-pharmacological interventions such as physical distancing, use of face mask/cover, hand hygiene, cough etiquette and avoidance of crowded places etc., must be followed strictly.

 

Comments

 

Other News

Maharashtra to spend Rs 2,500 crore to augment, develop power infrastructure

The Maharashtra government has announced a spending of Rs 2,500 crore annually to develop infrastructure of state-owned distribution company Mahavitaran (MSEDCL).   Out of the total amount, Rs 1,500 crore will be spent on energisation of conventional agriculture pumps and Rs 1,000 crore

Launched: Largest vaccination drive in history

India on Saturday began the massive vaccination drive against Covid-19, as prime minister Narendra Modi paid tributes the ‘corona warriors’. “Such a vaccination drive at such a massive scale was never conducted in history. There are over 100 countries having less than 3 cro

"TV not in business of news; it is in the business of polarisation”

Television news these days has a loose relationship with truth, says senior journalist, columnist and author Vir Sanghvi, adding that it is not telling the truth and polarising opinions. In a live webcast with Kailashnath Adhikari, MD, Governance Now, during the Visionary Talk series held by

How the colonial rulers combated “this insidious and growing danger” of dust and smoke

Dust and Smoke: Air Pollution and Colonial Urbanism: India, c. 1860-1940 By Awadhendra Sharan Orient BlackSwan, xxiv+320 pages, Rs 795 Air pollu

Unlocking the value of renewable energy assets through InVITs in India

India has been witnessing a sluggish demand growth for power amidst COVID-19. It has affected both thermal as well as renewable energy (RE) sector. While thermal sector (coal) plant load factor (PLF) is coming down continuously amidst no new generation building up, renewable energy held its ground through

“Proposed power amendments anti- people, favor licensees”

Maharashtra Veej Grahak Sanghatana, a state-level coordination committee of industrial associations and power consumers, has approached the state government for urgent intervention on key concerns after Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission on December 9 published the draft of the MERC (Electricity

Masterminds Masterclass on Acting with Vidya Malavade





Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter