India fares poorly on Oxfam inequality survey

Ranked on the basis of policies on social spending, tax and labour rights

GN Bureau | October 10, 2018


#Oxfam   #inequality   #equality   #Economy  
Photo: GN Bureau
Photo: GN Bureau

India has been ranked 147 out of 157 countries in terms of its commitment towards reducing inequality, according to a latest report of Oxfam and Development Finance International. The Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index places India along with Nigeria, Singapore and Argentina among a group of governments that are “fuelling inequality”.

The countries have been given the rankings on the basis of their policies on social spending, tax and labour rights. On these criteria, India ranks 151 on the index for public spending, 141 for labour rights and 50 on taxation policies.

Among the eight South Asian countries, India ranks sixth; although as far as taxation policies are concerned, India tops the list of South Asia countries.

Also read: India's 1% problem

This second edition of the Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI) Index finds that countries such as South Korea, Namibia and Uruguay are taking strong steps to reduce inequality, Oxfam said in a statement Tuesday. “Sadly, countries such as India and Nigeria do very badly overall, as does the USA among rich countries, showing a lack of commitment to closing the inequality gap,” it said.

The new edition improves on the methodology used last year by including new indicators on tax dodging and violence against women and relying on more up-to-date sources of data.  The new indicator on violence against women reveals that despite the significant gains made in recent months by the #MeToo and other women’s rights movements, less than half of countries have adequate laws on sexual harassment and rape.
 
Inequality slows economic growth, undermines the fight against poverty and increases social tensions, according to a press statement issued by Oxfam.  The World Bank predicts that unless governments tackle inequality then the goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030 will not be met and almost half a billion people will still be living in extreme poverty.

Winnie Byanyima, Oxfam International’s executive director, said: “Simply put, inequality traps people in poverty. We see babies dying from preventable diseases in countries where healthcare budgets are starved for funding, while billions of dollars owed by the richest are lost to tax dodging. We’ve heard from women living on poverty wages and facing hunger, seeing none of the wealth they create. None of this is inevitable. Governments often act like they’re committed to fighting poverty and tackling inequality—this Index shows us if their actions match their promises.”

Denmark tops the list whereas Germany stands second and Finland is at number three. The other top ten countries are Austria (4), Norway (5), Belgium (6), Sweden (7), France (8), Iceland (9) and Luxembourg (10).

China has been ranked at number 81. As per the index, China spends more than double on health as compared to India and four times on welfare spending which shows its commitment to tackle inequality.

Comments

 

Other News

3 out of 4 Covid-19 patients in 21-60 yrs age group

Contrary to the perception that the elderly are more at risk from Covid-19, in India as many as 41.88% of corona positive cases are between 21 to 40 years of age. Also, 32.82% positive cases are between 41 to 60 years, followed by 16.69% cases above the age of 60 years and 8.61% coronavirus positive cases

Why everyone should wear mask

In view of the increasing number of COVID -19 cases in the country, the ministry of health and family welfare (MoHFW) has now advised that everyone must voluntarily wear a mask and especially those living in densely populated areas.   Not just as a matter of maintaining personal hygiene

Fighting Covid-19, India has realized its collective strength: PM

In the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, people of India have realized their collective strength, prime minister Narendra Modi said in a short video message Friday morning. He also urged people to light lamps Sunday night as a gesture of this collectivity. “Today marks nine days of the na

COVID-19 demobilisation: Lessons for public governance

Demobilization, like its predecessor – demonetization, is another decision gone bad in implementation.  In both instances a careful public administrative action through its governance systems could have saved the magnitude of impact particularly on the most vulnerable sections of the society. Th

Don’t fear Corona, fight it

In a bid to break the “chain of transmission” of the deadly Covid-19, India, a country with more than 1.3 billion population, observed a voluntary ‘Janata Curfew’ on March 22. This has been followed by a 21-day, nationwide lockdown from March 24. Prime minister Narendra Modi also re

Sci-Tech Empowered Committee set up for COVID-19

To take speedy decisions on research and development for Sars-Cov-2 virus and COVID-19, the government has constituted a Science and Technology Empowered Committee. The committee, set up on March 29 and chaired by Niti Aayog member, professor Vinod Paul and professor K Vijay Raghavan, princi



Archives

Current Issue

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter