By 2020, median age in India will be 28.1 years

Planned skill development would help India make productive use of its young population, says parliamentary committee

GN Bureau | January 5, 2017


#PRS Legislative Research   #Japan   #China   #India   #Parliamentary Committee   #GDP   #Economy  
Representational image
Representational image

In the next three years, the median age in India is projected to be 28.1 years, as compared to China (38.1 years), Japan (48.2 years) and USA (37.3 years), said a report of the standing committee on the industrial policy in the changing global scenario.

The report said that presently, a majority of the working population in the country is in the unorganised sector, making it difficult to gauge the skill requirement in the sector.

The committee recommended that planned skill development would help India make productive use of its young population. The low cost of production in India will also help in giving it a competitive global advantage in manufacturing and production, said a summary of the report prepared by PRS legislative research.

On industrial reforms, the committee noted that reforms must be taken up regarding a number of aspects in the industrial sector. To ensure transparency in the allocation of natural resources, an open, competitive mechanism must be undertaken, along with greater disclosure of the approval process for industries.

Other reforms suggested include industry-friendly land acquisition frameworks by state governments, anti-corruption reforms, better inter-ministerial coordination, and judicial, financial and efficient public procurement reforms. The National Manufacturing Policy must be reoriented to promote smart manufacturing, which includes zero emission, zero-incident, and zero-defect manufacturing.

On research and development, the committee noted that the manufacturing sector is mainly composed of low value addition industries, and thus cannot create technological capabilities. India’s manufacturing value addition is $226 billion, compared to China’s $1,923 billion and USA’s $1,856 billion. In addition, India spends 0.8% of its GDP on research and development, compared to 1.2% by China and 2.6% by USA.

The committee recommended that the government needs to provide an enabling environment for private enterprises to invest in technology creation in order to achieve high value addition. Special focus must be placed on machine tools, heavy electrical equipment, transport and mining equipment.

Regarding foreign direct investment in small enterprises, the committee noted that the recent measures taken to promote foreign direct investment (FDI) mainly benefit large industries. It recommended that the government may take measures to promote FDI in the small and medium enterprises sector. In addition, for FDI in any industry, the ownership may be allowed to be transferred to the Indian partner after a specified period (15-20 years), including the transfer of technology. Foreign investors may be encouraged to source their inputs other than technology, from within India.

Read: Labour laws are not a problem to industrial development

 

Comments

 

Other News

Kodnani’s acquittal raises doubts about criminal justice system

 Maya Kodnani, a BJP leader who was the MLA from Naroda when this locality on the outskirts of Ahmedabad witnessed one of the most gruesome episodes during the Gujarat riots of 2002, was acquitted by the Gujarat High Court on Friday. Her acquittal in the Naroda Patiya massacre case is only a sequel to

BMC took nearly 48 days in resolving one complaint

The number of civic complaints with BMC has increased from 61,910 in 2015 to 92,329 in 2017, which is 49% in two years. A report titled ‘Civic Issues Registered by Citizens and Deliberations done by Municipal Councillors in Mumbai’ released by Praja Foundation has found some interesting facts a

Who is Atishi Marlena?

Atishi Marlena is among the nine AAP functionaries who were dismissed by the union home ministry asserting that their posts were created without the approval of the centre. Marlena, served as education advisor of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)-led government in Delhi. While she was intrumental in improving the

Leadership? Learn it from Jaising, Ambani, Doshi

The Fortune magazine has named three Indians – lawyer Indira Jaising, industrialist Mukesh Ambani and architect Balkrishna V Doshi – among the world’s greatest fifty leaders.

Energy as the new value system for redesigning daily life

Remember Kardashev scale? For the uninitiated, it’s a method of measuring a civilization’s level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy it is able to use for communication. We will get to its unconventional relevance to the big urban questions at the end, but just keep it a

48 MLAs, MPs have declared cases of crime against women

Out of 1580 MPs and MLAs with criminal cases, 48 (three MPs and 45 MLAs) have declared cases related to crime against women. The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and

Current Issue

Current Issue

Video

CM Nitish’s convoy attacked in Buxar

Opinion

Facebook    Twitter    Google Plus    Linkedin    Subscribe Newsletter

Twitter