Planned skill development would help India make productive use of its young population, says parliamentary committee
GN Bureau | January 5, 2017
In the next three years, the median age in India is projected to be 28.1 years, as compared to China (38.1 years), Japan (48.2 years) and USA (37.3 years), said a report of the standing committee on the industrial policy in the changing global scenario.
The report said that presently, a majority of the working population in the country is in the unorganised sector, making it difficult to gauge the skill requirement in the sector.
The committee recommended that planned skill development would help India make productive use of its young population. The low cost of production in India will also help in giving it a competitive global advantage in manufacturing and production, said a summary of the report prepared by PRS legislative research.
On industrial reforms, the committee noted that reforms must be taken up regarding a number of aspects in the industrial sector. To ensure transparency in the allocation of natural resources, an open, competitive mechanism must be undertaken, along with greater disclosure of the approval process for industries.
Other reforms suggested include industry-friendly land acquisition frameworks by state governments, anti-corruption reforms, better inter-ministerial coordination, and judicial, financial and efficient public procurement reforms. The National Manufacturing Policy must be reoriented to promote smart manufacturing, which includes zero emission, zero-incident, and zero-defect manufacturing.
On research and development, the committee noted that the manufacturing sector is mainly composed of low value addition industries, and thus cannot create technological capabilities. India’s manufacturing value addition is $226 billion, compared to China’s $1,923 billion and USA’s $1,856 billion. In addition, India spends 0.8% of its GDP on research and development, compared to 1.2% by China and 2.6% by USA.
The committee recommended that the government needs to provide an enabling environment for private enterprises to invest in technology creation in order to achieve high value addition. Special focus must be placed on machine tools, heavy electrical equipment, transport and mining equipment.
Regarding foreign direct investment in small enterprises, the committee noted that the recent measures taken to promote foreign direct investment (FDI) mainly benefit large industries. It recommended that the government may take measures to promote FDI in the small and medium enterprises sector. In addition, for FDI in any industry, the ownership may be allowed to be transferred to the Indian partner after a specified period (15-20 years), including the transfer of technology. Foreign investors may be encouraged to source their inputs other than technology, from within India.
Read: Labour laws are not a problem to industrial development
PM Narendra Modi’s yet another niftily acronymed scheme, UDAN – short for Ude ‘Desh Ka Aam Naagrik’ and otherwise called ‘Regional Connectivity Scheme’ in officialese – got off to a flying start on Thursday. Modi formally launched a flight from Shimla to Delhi, and
He accompanied his father to film studios in Chennai and helped him in designing sets, but Thota Tharrani wanted to be an artist. So he studied mural painting and print-making, but as luck would have it, he finally returned to tinsel town. And the world soon took note. In Mani Ratnam’s pa
Is the AAP headed for a split?
A sale-purchase agreement was signed between Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) and Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) for supply of high speed diesel (HSD) through the proposed 131 km Indo-Bangla friendship pipeline. The agree
The dismal performance of the Congress in the Municipal Corporations of Delhi elections forced party chief Ajay Maken to announce his resignation, ending an energetic effort to revive the party in the national capital. Ajay Maken, now 53, had taken over as the chief
The BJP’s clean sweep is not just a referendum on the Arvind Kejriwal government, but also could mark the beginning of the end of one of India’s youngest political parties, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP). After the Bharatiya Janata Party’s massive win in the UP assembly elections, th